Visit Jantar Mantar Observatory Jaipur

The Mantar Observatory in Giaipur has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2010. This observatory has a collection of 19 astronomical instruments, all built in 1734 by King Raiput.

Meaning of Mantar-the name comes from Giantra (instrument) and Mantra (formula or, in this context, calculation). Therefore, Mantar means calculation tool.

Dinner restaurants in Mantar

The fascination with the not-known elements of the universe has long attracted astronomers of India. Ariabhata of the 5th century is the first astronomer of the classical age of Indian mathematics. And in the list of other important astronomers of India is Singh II of Giaipur.

Giai Singh II, the famous ruler, studied several books on astronomy with the sole purpose of understanding planetary objects and their movements. He sent scholars to several foreign countries such as Greece, Great Britain, Arabia and Portugal to study the science of Astronomy.

And with the help of scientists like Pt. Samrat And Pt. Between 1727 and 1734 he built not one, but 5 observatories. The first experimental observatory was built in Delhi and then built four more in Giaipur, Varanasi and Mathura. All but the Mathura Observatory work well today.

What to see at the Mantar Observatory in Giaipur?

Once there, you will find a maze of structures of various shapes and sizes. You will be completely at a loss to understand what you can see at the Mantar Observatory in Giaipur! What does each structure mean? Guides are available. And if you did some homework on the monument, then understanding should be relatively simple.

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Here is a set of 12 tools representing the 12 zodiac signs (Rashi). All of them are located on a rectangular platform near the south wall of the Observatory.

Laghu Samrat

This, as the name translates, is a small Sundial. In no matter can you lose it, since it is made of red sandstone and marble right at the entrance. It has a triangular shape and measures the declination of celestial bodies.

The Polarstern Tool

 

The North Star (Dhruv) was used to locate the North Star (Dhruv) in the sky.

“Known in Hindi as Dhruvadarshak Pattika,” said the guide, ” it is one of the simplest tools in Giantar Mantar.”But for me it didn’t seem so easy. A small trapezoidal structure inclined 27 degrees, made of red sandstone. The top points to the North Star on a clear dark night. The tool is located on a stone masonry base 3.07 m long and 54 cm wide. Its lower end is located about 76 cm above the ground, and the upper end 2.32 m above the ground.

Equatorial Instrument

This has 2 circular quadrants facing north and South. The shadows of the rods emerging vertically from the plates move along the scales on the dial plates, indicating the local time. These have also been used to indicate the hemispherical position of celestial bodies.

A horizontal Sundial can be seen from the top of the Narival. Narivalia Dakshin Gorge found out whether celestial bodies are located in the northern or southern hemisphere. It can also be used to read Time.

Equatorial Instrument

This has 2 circular quadrants facing north and South. The shadows of the rods emerging vertically from the plates move along the scales on the dial plates, indicating the local time. These have also been used to indicate the hemispherical position of celestial bodies.

A horizontal Sundial can be seen from the top of the Narival. Narivalia Dakshin Gorge found out whether celestial bodies are located in the northern or southern hemisphere. It can also be used to read Time.

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Can you believe that Maharaiah Singh II wrote two volumes about the principles and usefulness of this huge metal disk with a diameter of 2 m? He is considered the king of instruments there. I could only look at him in Wonder!

Brihat Samrat

Also this gigantic instrument is a sundial, but 10 times larger than the Laghu Samrat. Needless to say, it is also more accurate. Even today, in this modern era, astrologers gather here on the full moon days of June and July to study the movement and direction of the wind Moderna. This will help you predict the rain. This is considered the largest sundial in the world.

Krantivritta

A metal tool that rotates on a brick base. It is used to measure the width and length of the sky.

Unnatansha

It is used to determine the height of stars and planets. This is located in the northeast corner of the Observatory.

Bhitti

This is a vertical instrument built into the local meridian plane, mainly used to observe the different heights of celestial bodies.

Prakash

His name is the name of the character that was invented by Singh II. Hemispherical surfaces are made of marble and inscribed with celestial lines of latitude and longitude. From the position of the sun’s shadow, the celestial coordinates of the sun can be read by the signs on the hemispherical segments.

The Observatory has 19 statistical instruments to measure weather, predict solar eclipses and determine other astronomical events. The Sundial shows time with an accuracy of about two seconds in Giaipur local time and is a great crowd pleaser.

Update: Mantar was carefully renovated in 1901 and was declared a National Monument in 1948. They are all painted fresh and therefore look new. (Answer to the reader’s question.)

Mantar: tickets, times and location

Registration fee: 50 INR for Indians, 15 INR for Indian students, 200 INR for foreign tourists, 100 INR for foreign students (bring student card as proof.) There are additional charges for photo and camera.

Opening hours: open every day from 9 to 5.

How to reach Mantar: Giaipur is well connected with other cities of the world by air and with other cities of India by rail and Road. Giaipur Airport is 12.7 km from the property. There are many public transport and private cabins that will leave you in Mantar.

Sound and light show

This 45-minute sound and light show pays to Singh II, who personally studied the production and operation of these astronomical instruments. The stories describe the creation of Mantar and why he transferred the capital Kakhvaha from Bernstein to the new capital Iaipur. There are interesting narratives about the different instruments with awesome graphics and engaging music.

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